Frequently Asked Questions - TREx Service

Every entity or person that has valid and verifiable rights to a specific name, can apply for an override. 

Such rights holders could be:

  • Verified trademark holders in the TMCH
  • Local rights holders of specific interest to specific geo-TLDs

The renewal cost of a TREx subscription is similar to the activation costs of the service. However, if during the year the coverage has increased, at the moment of renewal, the price for the increased coverage will apply.  

Domains Protected Marks List ('DPML') and Trademark Registry Exchange ('TREx') services are both defensive mechanisms to help you to protect your trademark in the new gTLD universe. By opting into these services, trademark holders prevent cybersquatting by 'blocking' their trademark records from being registered at the second level across a number of TLDs. 

Both services are cost-effective solutions, but are not referring to the same bundle of TLDs: 

  • DPML: this service is available for 238 of the TLDs managed by the registry operator Donuts Inc.
  • TREx: this service covers additional TLDs and will increase coverage on an ongoing basis.

Note that in order to opt in for both services, trademark holders/agents must first register their trademark records in the TMCH database. 

For more details on DPML, we kindly refer you to 

The renewal of the TREx service can be performed through the TMCH web portal at any given moment during the TREx subscription period of one year. 

No, you can activate the TREx service via the TMCH interface.

Prior to the activation of the TREx protection, the list of domain names and the coverage will be displayed for each label.

The TREx Service covers a bundle of TLDs, which is offered as a package and cannot be divided. 

After the activation of the TREx protection on a specific label, you will be able to see if the related domain names are 'protected' or 'not protected'.

When 'protected', TREx protection is active on the related domain name. 

When 'not protected', TREx protection is not active on the related domain name. Multiple reasons can justify this situation and are highlighted in the 'Comment' column:

  • 'Registered': this domain name was already registered prior to the TREx protection.
  • 'Exempt': this domain name is exempt from the TREx protection as the Registry has other mechanisms in place to restrict this from general registration (e.g. premium pricing, rights verification,...).
  • 'Override': this domain name was released from the TREx protection through an override procedure.
  • 'Other': other causes which impact the TREx protection.

Prior to the activation of the TREx protection on a specific label, you will be able to see if the related labels  are "eligible" or not for TREx. This status will be displayed with the list of domain names on the "TREx details" page. 

In case the status is 'eligible', it means that, based on the data at hand, the label is eligible for TREx protection.

In case the status is 'unavailable', it means that, based on the data at hand, the label is not available for TREx protection for either of two reasons: 

  • The domain name has been already registered.
  • The label is on the exempt list of the related TLD. 

Fees are only applicable at the time of subscription/renewal. The price is 160 USD per label for a first bundle of 40 TLDs. 
Note that the price is susceptible to increase when more TLDs are added to the coverage.

In the TREx service, your labels are TREx protected over a bundle of Top Level Domains. This bundle is offered as a package and cannot be divided. The invoice price is fixed at 160 USD. 

The TREx service is priced per label.

Currently, the subscription for the TREx service costs 160 USD per label for the applicable TREx coverage. Note that the price will not be affected in case a label is not protected under a specific TLD. 

In case of an override, a notification is sent out to the Trademark Agent and the Trademark Holder (if NORN to holders is activated). 

The TMCH does not charge any fee for the override. However, fees might apply to cover the registration period for the matching TLD (cfr. applicable TLD registration policy).

An override is the process to convert a TREx protected Label to a standard domain name registration. This process is only eligible for verified rights holders. 

With the new release of the Trademark Registry Exchange ('TREx') service, the TMCH has integrated the different TLDs of Minds + Machines. As a consequence, MPML will no longer be offered as a standalone product. 

The Trademark Registry Exchange ('TREx') is a new service developed by the Trademark Clearinghouse, which provides trademark holders with an additional protection layer for unregistered domain names, matching their labels, across a multitude of TLDs, by restricting the registration of these domain names in the general availability phase.

Please consult our dedicated page for further information, here

Upon subscription, the TREx service is activated for one year. As a consequence, the TMCH trademark record needs to be valid during the entire TREx subscription. If the trademark record expires before the end of that year, the TREx protection will be cancelled.

The TREx subscription is active for one year and renewable each year for an additional year.

The TREx Service is only applicable for sunrise eligible TMCH trademark records, which have a validity period of at least one month. Currently the service is only available for Trademark Agents and pre-paid Trademark Holders.